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Brewing & Distilling Brewing and distilling have long been important in Cork. The main ingredients, barley and water, are in plentiful supply while hops (for beer) are imported. Significant malting operations developed to supply malted barley for both brewing and distilling industries. Produced on a small scale for centuries, beer and whiskey increasingly came from larger companies from the late 18th century. In the 1770s there were fifteen breweries in Cork, but by the mid- 19th century the industry was dominated by five companies. Beamish & Crawford’s Cork Porter Brewery took over an existing brewery (Allen’s) in 1792 and soon developed their site on South Main Street. Just across the street was an older distillery, Lane’s South Gate Brewery which was founded in 1758 and produced both stout and bitter ale. It was taken over by Beamish & Crawford in 1901-1902. Not far away was another brewery established in 1805 by Samuel Abbott on Fitton Street (now Sharman Crawford Street) and transferred to Sir John Arnott in 1861. Known as St. Finn- barre’s Brewery, the business thrived until the 1890s. It was taken over by Murphy’s in 1901 and the brewery itself was closed down. Close by was Crosse’s Green Brewery, run by Cashman in the early 19th century. One of the last breweries to be founded in Cork was Murphy’s Lady’s Well Brewery which opened in Blackpool in 1856. Today Beamish & Crawford and Murphy’s are still in operation. Most of these breweries concentrated on the production of porter which was a type of beer that became popular from the 18th century. The dark coloured beer was favoured by the market porters in London, hence its name. Porter could be made in bulk and improved when left to mature. Commercial breweries improved the quality of porter being produced in Cork from the early 19th century and it became very popular. Later that century, breweries began to produce stout, a stronger beer which soon achieved an important place in the market. Whiskey production was another significant industry in Cork from the late 18th century. Rum and brandy were gradually displaced by whiskey as production of the latter increased. Often using English and Scottish distilling expertise, several distilleries were established in the city from the 1780s and there were seven in operation in 1807. Most were on the north side of the city including those at Millfield, Dodge’s Glen, the Green Distillery, the Watercourse Distillery and Daly’s John Street Distillery. North Mall distillery, beside the north channel of the River Lee was associated with the Wise family, while St. Dominick’s Distillery was set up by Thomas Walker at Crosse’s Green on the south side. In the 1820s

Cork Porter Cash Book, 1793.

Barley Book, Green Distillery, 1856.

Design for a kiln at Beamish & Crawford, c.1870.

Survey of W. Phair's public house, 1877. This was a 'tied house' or premises which .....

The Lady’s Well Brewery of James J. Murphy & Co., 1890... Lic nsed publicans in Cork showing porter suppliers, 1893.

Cover of Cork Distilleries Company Balance Book, 1895-1910.

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